Ernest Hanson Lockey MM

Lieutenant

The King's Own (Royal Lancashire Regiment) 201104  

Photo courtesy Alan Hamblin

Ernsy Hanson Lockey

Notes

Simon Johnson & Alan Hamblin

Ernest Hanson Lockey was born at the village of Gomersal in the West Riding of Yorkshire on 14 October 1891. He was born Ernest Hanson Antcliffe and was the youngest child of Tom Hanson Antcliffe and Mary Ann Bennett. Ernest’s father passed away when Ernest was less than six months old and he was subsequently adopted as the son of George Lockey and his wife Emma Allison, who had only recently married when they were both aged in their thirties. They had no children of their own.

During his youth Ernest is known to have lived for a period with his adoptive parents at Bradford. By 1911 the family had moved into the parish of Crich where George Lockey was working as a farmer at Thurlow Booth Farm at Whatstandwell. At the time of the 1911 census Ernest was boarding in a household at Barrow-in-Furness in Lancashire and was employed as an elementary school teacher.

During the war Ernest is known to have served with the 1/4th Battalion of the The King’s Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment). References to his service survive in the archives of the King’s Own Regiment Museum. In January 1918, Ernest was awarded the Military Medal for gallantry. Approval of the award was published in the London Gazette in January 1918. Whilst he held the rank of Corporal, a handwritten recommendation had been submitted to Ernest’s Brigade on 27 September to the effect that he should be considered for the Military Medal. The recommendation describes Ernest’s actions at Ypres during the period 20-24 September 1917, which would have been during the Battle of the Menin Road Ridge. His actions are described as follows:

During the attack on Strong Point D13 d12 58 this Corporal organised a system of defence in adjacent shell holes while under MG fire and sniper fire from Gallipoli [Farm].

He also assisted in bringing in wounded during this period although under heavy fire and later took charge of our line of defence on the right flank while we reorganised and advanced some 100 yards.


He personally visited posts on a 150 ft front and distributed rations though sniping was prevalent.

By the time of his award in January 1918, Ernest had been promoted to the rank of Sergeant. On 29 May 1918 he received a commission to the rank of 2nd Lieutenant. Ernest was demobilised on 25 January 1919. He was awarded the Victory Medal and British War Medal. Ernest resigned his commission on 24 November 1920, retaining his rank of 2nd Lieutenant.

Following his discharge from the army, Ernest is known to have been working as a resident teacher at the Royal Albert Orphanage at Worcester. By 1919 Ernest taught the top class at the orphanage and also served as the scoutmaster. Memories of Ernest by former scholars of the orphanage are included in the 2010 publication ‘If Only These Walls Could Speak: An Orphanage Diary’ by Alan Hamblin. Ernest married Edith Rachel Sterry Lawton in 1923. She was also a teacher at the orphanage. They had one adopted son. During the 1930s Ernest and his wife joined the house staff at Kingham Hill School in Oxfordshire.

Photo courtesy Alan Hamblin

Royal Albert Orphanage

Ernest Lockey with staff at the Royal Albert Orphanage, Worcester in 1919
From 'If Only These Walls Could Speak: An Orphanage Diary' by Alan Hamblin. Blenheim Press Ltd, 2010 (ISBN: 978-1-906302-21-4)

Ernest Hanson Lockey MM passed away at Castlemorton, Worcestershire, on 21 January 1958, aged sixty-six years.

Medal Roll Index Cards
He was awarded the Victory and British War Medals.
Recorded as sergeant KORL then 2/Lieut and Lieut of KOR Lan R
Entered Theatre of War on 31 July 1917
Demobbed 25 January 1919
Applied for medals on 03 June 1921, address The Royal Albert Orphanage, Worcester

Kings Own Royal Lancaster Regiment Museum (with thanks to Peter Donnelly, Curator)
There was a recommendation submitted to Brigade, 28 Sep 1917 for a Military Medal to Corporal Ernest Lockey, number 201104, 1st/4th King's Own, for Ypres 20 to 24 Sep 1917.
To O/C 1/4 RLR
No 201104 Corporal Lockey, Ernest.
During the attack on Strong Point D13 d12 58 this Corporal organised a system of defence in adjacent shell holes while under MG fire and sniper fire from Gallipoli.
He also assisted in bringing in wounded during this period although under heavy fire and later took charge of our line of defence on the right flank while we reorganised and advanced some 100 yards.
He personally visited posts on a 150 ft front and distributed rations though sniping was prevalent.
27 September 1917 MM
2nd Lieutenant Paterson, D Company, 1/ RLR

He was commissioned on 29th May 1918 and then transferred to the Reserve Battalion; it would appear he rejoined the 1st/4th Battalion in October 1918.
He must have gone overseas after the end of 1915 as he does not have a 1914/15 Star.
www.kingsownmuseum.plus.com

London Gazette
Ernest Lockey was awarded the Military Medal (London Gazette 30715 published 31 May 1918: Dated 1 June 1918, 6445 page 1).

With grateful thanks to Nivard Ovington and Alan Flint for extra information on Ernest Lockey.

 

CENSUS INFORMATION

1901: Bradford

Forename Surname Relationship Age Occupation Where born
George Lockey Head 36 Coachman, domestic Ranby, Yorks
Emma   wife 40   Wortley, Yorks
Ernest   son 9   Gomersal, Yorks

RG13 piece 4158 folio 161 page 29

1911: Barrow in Furness

Forename Surname Relationship Age Occupation Where born
Ernest Lockey Boarder 19 Elementary Schoolteacher Gomersal, Yorks

RG14PN25679 RG78PN1473 RD482 SD1 ED29 SN288

Ernest's parents had moved to Thurlow Booth in Whatstandwell.

1911: Thurlow Booth Farm, Whatstandwell

Forename Surname Relationship Age Occupation Where born
George Lockey Head 45 Farmer Oxfordshire
Emma Lockey wife 55   Leeds
Ernest Lockey name struck out      
Herbert Shipley boarder 12 School  

RG14PN20984 RG78PN1251 RD436 SD4 ED13 SN263